The second wave of COVID-19 has severely impacted India, and we all are witnessing that. By now you might know that coronavirus is a respiratory disease that reaches into your respiratory tract, which includes your lungs.
This deadly virus is found to cause various types of breathing problems, from mild to critical. People above 50 years and who have other prevailing health issues such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes might suffer from severe covid symptoms.
Here’s how lungs are impacted by the coronavirus.
Coronavirus and Your Lungs
SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus, is part of the covid family.
When the virus enters your body, it comes into contact with mucous membranes that line your eyes, nose and mouth. The virus is then set to enter a healthy cell and uses that cell to make new virus parts. From there, the virus emerges and multiplies, and the new viruses infect the cells that are nearby.
You may think of your respiratory tract as an upside-down tree. Consider the trunk of the tree as your trachea or windpipe. As you move it splits into smaller and smaller branches in your lungs. There are tiny air sacs called alveoli at the end of each branch. This is the point from where oxygen goes into your blood and carbon dioxide comes out.
The new coronavirus is set to infect the upper or lower part of your respiratory tract. It is so smart that it travels down your airways. The lining then becomes irritated and inflamed. In some cases, the infection also reaches all the way down into your alveoli.
COVID-19 is a new medical condition, and scientists are researching more about what it can do to your lungs. Medical experts and scientists believe that the effects on your body are somewhat similar to those of two other coronavirus diseases.
How to protect lungs from viruses?
Working out for a minimum of 30 minutes for adults and 60 minutes for children every day is enough to keep any lung distress at bay. Physical exercise allows people to take deeper breaths than they usually do, expand and contract the lung inner valves and make sure optimum oxygen saturation levels, to ensure lung functions healthily.
You can choose to run, brisk walking, cycle, swim. All of these are good examples of suggested physical exercises.
It has been observed that people with underlying conditions such as diabetes and obesity seem to fave adverse covid 19 complications. This could occur due to chronic inflammation which influences your body to release inflammatory proteins called cytokines. Cytokines cause short term inflammation which can help heal the body. Therefore, you must eat correctly and include more vegetables and fruits in your diet.
Kicking the butt
Over the last few years, our lifestyle is changed but for the worse. One of the worst `lifestyle habits` is smoking. It is said that Smokers are more at risk of developing COVID-19 complications. The habit of smoking is linked to inflammation and lowering of the immune system function in the lung`s airways. This also increases the likelihood of complications if exposed to COVID-19. So you must quit smoking!
The virus will enter your body from the hands which are contaminated and then you touch your nose, eyes, and mouth. So, it is extremely crucial to wash your hands at regular intervals. Also, make sure to maintain social distancing. Make sure to eat healthily and include vitamin-C rich fruits, vegetables and superfoods like Cordyceps mushroom (which has multiple benefits along with strengthening lungs efficiency) in your diet. This will help you boost your immunity and will help you stay safe from novel coronavirus.